Rovinj – Venetian flair on the Istrian Adriatic coast
On a rocky peninsula between Pula and Poreč lies the picturesque town of Rovinj with its romantic old town center. A labyrinth of winding streets, stone archways, and narrow passageways await you in downtown Rovinj. The Venetian influenced cityscape is dominated by pastel-colored houses, romantic backyards, and elaborate facades. The free-standing bell tower of the Cathedral Sveta Eufemija is reminiscent of the campanile of St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice. With a height of 60 meters, it towers over the entire old town of Rovinj. The cathedral was completed in 1736 and is the largest baroque structure on the Croatian peninsula of Istria. In the medieval streets, art galleries and antique shops are crowded together, and in the Künstlergasse local sculptors and painters have their studios. The historic town hall on the town square dates back to the 17th century. The so-called Balbi Arch was built on the foundations of a medieval city gate. The stone gate is decorated with the winged Venetian lion. Worth seeing are the numerous remains of the old city walls with the gate of St. Benedict, the Holy Cross, and the city gate Portica. Sailing is one of the main things you can do in this city, it’s one of the biggest Croatia sailing spots and is loved and experienced by most of the tourists that come to visit.
The port city of Split is located on the Adriatic coast of Dalmatia and has a monumental building from ancient Roman Diocletian’s Palace. The second largest city in Croatia is framed by the ridges of the Kozjak Mountains and the Mosor Mountains, and the urban area stretches along the rugged coastal region. In the center of the historic old town rises the mighty ancient palace, built by the Roman emperor Diocletian between 295 and 305 AD. Foursquare corner towers define the rectangular palace complex, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. In addition to the pillared arcades and the temple of Jupiter are the mausoleum of the Roman emperor and the cathedral behind the massive palace walls. Small cafes, souvenir shops, and antique shops cluster on the former palace grounds, and in front of the Porta Aurea palace gate rises a freestanding Renaissance belfry and an impressive bronze statue of Bishop Gregory of Nin. The former ancient imperial palace Perystil is located in the immediate vicinity of Diocletian’s Palace and today serves as a venue for concerts and theater performances. In the district of Veli Varos rises the oldest church in Split. It dates back to the 11th century and from the nearby viewing platform, you have a fantastic view over the city and the harbor.
The medieval town of Trogir is a pearl on the Dalmatian Adriatic coast. The entire city center was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and is an architectural work of art. In antiquity, the Romans separated the historic old town from the Croatian mainland with an artificially created sea channel. Through bridges, Trogir is connected with the island Čiovo and the mainland. The medieval cityscape is dominated by the Cathedral of St. Lawrence, whose construction began in 1123. More than 400 years should pass until the final completion. The cultural center of the coastal city is the place John Paul II. There, the most important buildings of Trogir line up. Among other things, raises the historic town hall, whose entrance portal is flanked by two winged Venetian lions. Opposite stand out the free-standing belfry and the city loggia of Trogir. Right next to it is the Cipiko Palace, an impressive 15th-century structure built during the Venetian domination. The fortress Kamerlengo dates from the same century and rises at the southern end of the waterfront. The rooms of the Benedictine monastery house a collection of ancient finds from Trogir, the centerpiece of which is a Greek relief from 300 BC. Is Chr.
The “Pearl of the Adriatic” is often referred to as the southern Dalmatian port city of Dubrovnik. And rightly so, because the completely preserved historical old town is an architectural jewel with buildings of different styles and different epochs of contemporary history. The area is enclosed by a city wall up to 25 meters high, which can be completed in its entire length of 1,950 meters. In the Old Town of Dubrovnik, you will come across Roman, Byzantine and Venetian influences in urban architecture. Since 1979, the romantic old town center has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With the splendid Gothic Rector’s Palace, the impressive baroque cathedral from 1713 and the beautiful cloister of the Franciscan Monastery, Dubrovnik has many interesting buildings to offer. Valuable religious relics and magnificent shrines made of gold and silver are part of the cathedral treasury. From the mountain Srd, you can reach a magnificent view of the old town of Dubrovnik, the port and the deep blue water surface of the Adriatic, which you can reach in a few minutes by cable car. The valley station is located in the immediate vicinity of the medieval city gate, which still marks the entrance to the historic city center.
The completely car-free old town of Zadar is located on a peninsula on the northern Dalmatian Adriatic coast and is surrounded by a city wall with towers, city gates, and bastions. On a stroll through the romantic streets, you embark on a journey through 3,000 years of contemporary history. In the 9th century BC BC, the Illyrians inhabited the peninsula. They were followed by the Romans, the Byzantines and the Venetians and all cultures left their mark on the cityscape. Access is via the drawbridge, which is protected by a drawbridge and decorated with the winged Venetian lion. A tour leads past the foundations of the Roman Forum and the 9th-century round church of St. Donatus. In the archeological museum you can see finds and artifacts from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages, and on the people’s square in the center rise the Venetian bell tower from 1768, the former city guard building from 1562 and the 11th-century early Romanesque church of St. Lawrence. The so-called sea organ is located on the tip of the peninsula and was built in 2005. These are wide steps with vertical tubes that lead down to the sea. The pressure of the waves creates a negative pressure that sounds like a natural orchestra with different tones.Spend your holiday in Croatia vacation on a journey of discovery in the five most beautiful cities and be enchanted by the medieval charm of historic old towns.