Research Effort Underway To Identify and Treat Allergic Conjunctivitis- GuestPostWeb

Allergic conjunctivitis is one of the most common problems that happen to individuals who may be susceptible to reactions from spores, or pollen; it usually causes their eyes to go itchy, red, and watery. It is an eye inflammation resulting from allergic reactions to the allergens mentioned above. There are two types of conjunctivitis, chronic allergic and acute allergic; the acute type does not last long, but the chronic version can affect the individual for over a year, making life quite miserable, especially during the flowering season.

Common Reactants

Allergic conjunctivitis is manifested in an individual their body attempts to defend itself against a potential threat like pollen or mould resulting in the release of histamine, a very potent chemical used mainly to fight off perceived alien threats. Besides pollen these could also include a wide range of substances like spores, household dust, animal dander, chemicals in household detergents, etc. There have also been reported cases of people suffering from allergic conjunctivitis caused as a result of certain medicated eye drops or even contact lens solutions. Research has showed that in many cases, this problem could be hereditary and may run in the family for many years. It affects most people but the larger percentage of sufferers is usually young children and late teens.

Appropriate Remedies

There is no actual remedy for conjunctivitis allergy, but there are certain steps that could help alleviate the problem; this could include keeping the home dust-free as much as possible, sealing windows shut during flowering season when pollen count is high, avoiding exposure to chemicals in detergents, soaps, dyes, and using an indoor air purifier has done wonders for some sufferers. However, if the person is already suffering from allergic conjunctivitis, they can soothe the eyes with cold compresses and by avoiding rubbing the eyes. For very severe cases, a visit to the doctor is recommended; normal course of treatment being an over-the-counter antihistamine which is useful in reducing or blocking the histamine release.

Strict Precautions

Doctors may also prescribe special eye drops which helps to shrink congested blood vessels, steroid eye drops for very severe cases of allergic conjunctivitis, and in some cases, anti-inflammatory eye drops. Currently, there are many pharmaceutical companies and research institutions who are working on a solution to this perennial problem, but as of now, there has been no success. The best way to avoid this problem is to eliminate the environmental factors causing it, which could be very difficult, but by limiting exposure to these potential triggers, some sort of prevention could be obtained. Spring and summer are the seasons where thousands of cases of conjunctivitis are reported in hospitals and in clinics all over the world.

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